The First Persian Gulf War lasted from 1980 to 1988 and pitted Iraq against Iran.
The Second Persian Gulf War began in 1990 with Iraq's invasion and occupation of
Kuwait and ended in 1991 with a Coalition of nations under United Nations authority
and led by the United States which forcibly ejected the Iraqi military from Kuwait.
The Third Persian Gulf War, also known as the Iraq War, from March to April, 2003,
was a largely U.S.-British invasion of Iraq. It arose in part because the Iraqi
government failed to cooperate fully with UN weapons inspections in the years
following the first conflict.
On May 1, 2003, President Bush declared victory in the war against Iraq. No weapons
of mass destruction, however, were found, leading to charges that U.S. and British
leaders had exaggerated the Iraqi biological and chemical threat in order to
justify the war. Much of the intelligence used to justify the war subsequently
was criticized as faulty by U.S. and British investigative bodies. Hussein was
captured in Dec., 2003. In 2004, he was transferred to Iraqi legal custody; tried
and convicted of crimes against humanity. Saddam was executed in 2006. U.S.-led
occupation forces and, later, Iraqi security forces, struggled into 2007 with
Iraqi and Islamic insurgencies and sectarian violence that military and civilian
planners had failed to foresee. This War continues today.